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What is a software? This question is an entire program of study, sometimes that's the only question that answers all sociological study. Thus, in a number of sociological researches on problems of migration of rural population, conducted by Vladimir Staroverov, software question, along with the other was the question: "Why are the villagers leaving the village and go to the city?"Elisabeth Noelle software considers the question only from the point of view of its duties in relation to personal issue.Software question, says C. Noel, always has a fairly large community and to ask its respondents in the General public view is not always possible. To obtain reliable information, not evasion, it is necessary to formulate questions of a smaller community, collecting a number of particular issues, as the streams, the necessary information that will eventually coalesce into the desired knowledge. For example, you can ask a question like this: "What, in Your opinion, the reasons that constitute the main and defining the tendency of some people to excessive drinking?" It is unlikely we will get an exhaustive answer, we will find these true causes. The question is too General and difficult to imagine it as personal. It is a question of software.Software is essentially a totality of the required knowledge, and it is not always the specific wording adequately reflects this totality. The respondents ' answers to this question essentially act as the answers to some limited region of the desired knowledge, and not on the entire population.Unlike personal of the question from software is primarily in level of generality. Questionnaire question always specific, simple, clear and understandable: "do You Drink alcohol?", "Do I have a ticket for the bus?", "Do you like to travel?" etc.This interpretation is a software issue not accidental. Breeding and transfer of program question in the questionnaire, the definition of their nature and role in the questionnaire are so important and topical that Elisabeth Noelle even gets them as the primary method of survey. "Most of the problems solved by the method of interrogation cannot be expressed directly in the form of questions to the respondents without proper conversion. This statement could be considered trivial if the abuse and failure of the polls in most cases are not explained by the naive identification of the research question and the target control live, ignorance of the fact that most of the research tasks, however simple they may seem political leader, merchant, publicist, or lawyer, require translation from the language of the researcher into the language of the respondents, and the translation given extensive teaching experience".To translate the software question in a questionnaire can be quite difficult. This requires great experience and sociological practice.For translation of policies in survey questions you can use the concept of analysis, or, as some say, a flowchart of the analysis, a logical analysis of the subject of study in the form of graphic, as well as any other scheme. However, the most complete solution to the problems of translation software question in the questionnaire is only possible in the framework of the overall research program.
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