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The result is that some of the alternatives in order of gaining more votes (often it is the first alternative) and some less (most often those in the middle). In this case, it is necessary to reconsider the location alternatives in the questions to make, if necessary, amendments to ensure that the distribution of answers of respondents by the order of the alternatives was more or less uniform. It should be remembered that this uneven distribution in the end gives the wrong information.-- How many respondents did not answer a particular question. Not all respondents answer all questions. As a rule, refused to answer, depending on the purity of the survey and complexity of the survey is within an average of 3-5%. In General it is normal if the number of failures does not exceed 6%, and according to some estimates - 14%. But one question of failures is less than the other. Sometimes the percentage of refusals to answer reaches 50% and above. In the pilot survey are analysed not only direct failures, the so-called pure questions, but the answers of respondents to the alternatives: "don't know", "I didn't think about it", "unsure", "don't remember", etc. In the pilot study should find out why some respondents refused to answer this question. There could be several reasons:a) the Respondent does not understand the question and that it "did not stick", choose neutral alternative or did not respond to the question. (It is necessary in this case to reformulate the question and check again);b) the Respondent is tired to answer and not to bother, missed the question or chose the latter alternative: "don't know", "unsure", etc. (you need to put the question in another place of the questionnaire and to test how it will work there);C) the Respondent has an opinion on this issue, but it was not stipulated by the sociologist in a set of alternatives, and to finish nowhere, the place is not abandoned, the question closed. Therefore, in order not to palter and not to give an answer that does not match his opinion, he chooses the neutral alternative or does not answer the question at all. (To semi-closed question);d) the question is so unexpected and is out of sight of the Respondent that he does not know how to answer, because I didn't think about it. (To check the degree of competence and awareness of the respondents another question);d) the question is difficult to answer, for example, a grid, scaled, with a large set of alternatives, it is tiring, requires a lot of attention and tension. Usually on such matters a lot of failures. (To simplify the form of a question, rearrange it, to enter further questions, to translate tabular combined issues in common);e) the Respondent really does not remember, therefore and wrote "do Not remember", "Difficult to answer", "don't know". Perhaps the question has not been prepared other questions to revive memories. (To add questions to revive the memory or re-issue).The refusal to answer a meaningful question can Express the attitude of respondents to individual questions and the questionnaire as a whole. For example, the Respondent does not like the questionnaire or individual questions, he does not seek to understand them, to answer honestly and fully. The number of refusals of the answer is the exponent disinterest of the respondents in the work with the questionnaire.
our spirit is stretched out, the major in religious lifeproclaimed vision. Where, on the contrary, most are valuedthe unrest of the human spirit, and they revered it mosta clear witness of the absolute, -- there the rule is approved inhearing -- hearing and speech, for hearing and speech is one thing, and not two, --according to what was said" (ibid. P. 37). By the way, in the work "the Pillar and groundthe truth" P. Florensky associated "rock" with "it", fatum -- this saying(I (2). S. 531). In a note to the same book, he relates the reactionon demons, the occult with a different channel: "the devils smelly, i.e., again,excite nausea. M. b., and physical nausea and nausea demonic are rootedin some unnatural irritation of the same centersthe sympathetic nervous system" (ibid. S. 705). From a purely linguistic works P. Florensky should be mentioned"Structure words", where in that distant time quietly usedconcepts such as sememe, phoneme, morpheme. The external form of the word heunderstands the same, while the inner form is in constantdynamics, each time matching a new context of its use. Itwrites: "semema words constantly sways, breathes, pours all the colorsand, having no independent value, from the solitude of thismyspeech, here now and here in the whole context of life experiencesay, and, moreover, in the place of this speech. Tell that to the wordsomeone else, or myself in another context -- and semema it will be different;moreover, thinner layers will change even with a literal repeat of thatsame speech and even the same person. The possibility of different interpretationssame drama different actors and even the same withrepetitions -- visual proof of what was said. The word unique;every time they talk again, i.e. with a new cemevi, and in the best case itis variation on old theme" (Op. Vol. 2. P.236).
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