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Two types of questionIf the concept of the question are clearly defined by the pollster, the Respondent can only confirm or not confirm by selecting one of the response options "Yes" or "no". This so-called dichotomous question, or a question of the first type.But life is diverse and often slips such a situation when it is not possible to clearly and unambiguously define its vision, find their vision of the situation. May lack the knowledge, information, experience and anything. Then the man throws up his hands and appealed for help to another person. In this case only describes the scope of the search response, which may be greater or lesser, but with the obligatory indication is not always sufficient, but a set of signs. I don't know who discovered America, I'm too lazy to think, to go into the dictionary to find the answer, and I give this care to his experienced friend: "Tell me, do you know who discovered America?". This issue is known only that America is open (I know), and unknown - who discovered America (I don't know). It is clear that the question operator "who" (?) defines a fairly large area of the search response, is virtually limitless. But it can significantly narrow the conversation context, which determines the basic characteristics. It's just about, like a crossword puzzle: "the head of the Spanish expedition to find the shortest route to India", etc. If the signs are not specified or they are very vague and the more infidels, the question is meaningless, because the response is not possible.All questions beginning with a question operator "who", "what", "why", etc., belong to the second type logical-formalized division. Essentially this pseudovirus because it does not contain, as already mentioned, the concepts required for the development of knowledge. This is a question that only makes meet the requirements of the development of conceptual knowledge. And while such knowledge is not obtained, and therefore not built the question of the first type, neither of which logical reasoning can not be considered.Therefore, the question of the second type with the need translates into the question of the first type, no matter whether it's done asking or answering. Stated in the question of the second type region of the desired search of knowledge contains the answers, or alternatives, and is the only true one or a few of them. So the second question like "who discovered America?" can be represented by a series of names of people - potential discoverers: Columbus, Americo Vespucci, Vasco de Gamma, etc. the Introduction of a characteristic, for example, that he was a Spaniard, Italian allows you to change the names of some and leave others. The introduction of the second characteristic (born in Genoa) allows to cut off all options except one that will be a true answer.Thus, any question of the second type is represented by a series of questions first like: "who discovered America?" "the Spaniard discovered America?" (Yes, no); "the Portuguese discovered America?" (Yes, no); "an Italian discovered America?" (Yes, no), etc.
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