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Each scale item has a name and a corresponding numerical designation. Determined and the interval between the scale elements. Each scale item is ordered relative to any other element.2. It is very difficult to justify the amount of space between the positions, especially if the scale is too fractional. In fact, the relationship between 1 and 2 is not the same as between 2 and 3, etc. change the row change and the ratio between the intervals. On the one hand. On the other - the difference in the ratio of responses in close intervals is not always possible to qualify as a meaningful distinction.Classification of scales used in psychology and sociology, can be more fragmented, in particular it is possible to use continuous classification when scale removed according to the requirements of working with numbers."At the present time. write Osipov and E. Andreev, sociological scale differ primarily on three points: the scalable nature of social phenomena, the level of the numerical representation, the methods of obtaining numerical representation".In the procedure of scaling can be divided into several stages.1. The choice of object scaling. Feature sociological the application of the scales is that the object of scaling are not separate individuals, as in psychology, and large groups of people, with these or other sustainable features.2. The choice of item scaling. Since the study are not themselves social groups and their individual characteristics, that as the subject are the scaling relations, evaluations, opinions.3. Checking the reliability and validity of the scale is carried out in two ways: repeated examination after a certain period of time in the same group (check stability) and "splitting" of the text into two parts with a simultaneous check in the group.The use and perception scales have their own characteristics Here are some of them. It is better to give a name to each element of the scale or to present it in "naked" form? In principle, any scale can be given verbal expression. The presentation of the scale without items in General wrong, since the Respondent still consciously or unconsciously translates "bare" scale with names, giving a different verbal expression to its items. "How did You like the hockey game?" - we ask the Respondent, offering to rate it on a scale. The Respondent puts the proposed scale in a semantic expression, attributing to each number something or other verbal expression and content: "liked", "not very much", "average", "poor", "very bad". By itself the number has no meaningful value. It exists in the human mind only in a certain semantic clarity and finds expression in the particular context of logical reasoning.
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